Forensic: Human Bone Impact Simulation

Finite Element Analysis (FEA) can be used to model deformation and destruction processes of biological materials such as bone, organ, muscles, etc when various human body injury mechanisms need to be evaluated. The results from FEA such as stress distribution, fracture location, deformation strain, impact direction & kinetic energy, etc. can help forensic scientist to discover the real reasons of an accident.

Forensic Impact FEA
ribs scan analysis

Problem Statement

After an accident, a human was injured with bone fracture at the ribs though CT scan. In order to find out the cause of this injury, Accurate human bone model was modelled and the impact of the external object to the ribs are accurately simulated using Finite Element Analysis (FEA) method, by Abaqus.

Digital Conversion and Matching


Before running the simulation, an accurate 3D model was converted from CT Scan data and the physical ribs model of the victim (with fracture bone) was produced using 3D printing method. The physical ribs model was used to determine the possible orientation and position that might cause the particular injury.

Bone segmentation RFS

Impact Simulation


From the digital matching, possible accident scenarios were obtained and set up in Abaqus. The material properties of the rib were obtained from the published research paper. Through FEA simulation, the stress distribution, deformation and fracture on the ribs can be obtained. The results matched well with the outcome of the accident.



After matching the results from FEA simulation with the outcome of the accident, one can predict the possible causes of the accident accurately.

RF Station Bone Impact Analysis

Frequently Asked Questions

It all depends on the inputs and boundary condition that is defined in the simulation. Through accurate on-site measurements and material properties definition, accurate results can be obtained which resemble the simulation to outcome of the accident.


The results from FEA such as stress distribution, fracture location, deformation strain, impact direction & kinetic energy, etc. of the bones can help in predicting the cause of an accident.

Depending on the scope, the charges depend on the man-day and measurement services included. We are very transparent on the charges. Please contact us to find out more.  

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